Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
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National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping reversed Mao’s leftist policies in 1978, initiating a “reform and opening up” policy and making contacts with the Dalai Lama. Deng hoped to achieve the final legitimation of Chinese rule over Tibet by securing the return of the Dalai Lama. Deng and the Chinese leadership, however, underestimated the persistence of Tibetan resistance to Chinese rule and they overestimated the ability of their new policies to resolve all the issues of Tibet. When Tibetan nationalism revived under increased Chinese tolerance for autonomy, resulting in demonstrations and riots from 1987 to 1989, Deng abandoned China’s commitment to limit the numbers of Han Chinese in Tibet.

Hu Jintao, Deng’s protégé, was sent to Tibet to restore order in 1989 after riots in Lhasa and the Tiananmen incident in Beijing. His successful repression in Tibet led to his rise in the CCP and his eventual selection as China’s president. A subsequent Tibet Party Secretary, Chen Kuiyuan, further restricted Tibetan autonomy by declaring Tibet’s “special characteristics,” as insufficient reason why policies in Tibet should differ from those in any other part of the PRC. The current Tibet Party Secretary, Zhang Qingli, is similarly hard-line and is following Deng Xiaoping’s post-1989 policy in Tibet of restriction of Tibetan autonomy, economic development, and with Han Chinese colonization as the final solution to the Tibetan problem.

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Tibet:
Location:  Asia - Eastern China
Capital:  Lhasa
Communist Rule:  1950 - Current
Status:  Occupied
Victims of Communism:
1.2 million